Traditionally, people made rag rugs out of a mixture of old clothes and fabric scraps. Having cut the material into strips, they used a special tool to weave the fabric between the strands of a hessian backing (a cloth made from natural fibres). Different colours and types of fabric were woven into patterns to create attractive, colourful designs. Once a design was complete, the strips of fabric were trimmed to the same length for a neat and even finish.
Today the tradition of rag rugging is being kept alive by craftspeople, who use the technique to make decorative wall hangings as well as rugs.