|Total area (square kilometres)||8,511,965|
|National currency||Real and centavos|
|GNP per capita||4,630|
|Proportion of population living on less than US$1 a day||5%|
Brazil has a number of very large cities, including São Paulo, which is home to over 16 million people, Rio de Janeiro (5,473,900) and Belo Horizonte (3,000,000). The capital, Brasilia, is a new city. It was first proposed in1823 and building began at the end of the 19th century.
The largest area of tropical rainforest in the world is located within Brazil. The Amazon Basin is larger than the whole of Europe; it is covered with thick, tropical forest and is home to many millions of varieties of plants and animals. There are also a number of native Indian tribes still living traditional lives within the forest.