| Capital city ||Washington DC |
| Total area (square kilometres) ||9,363,520 |
|Population total ||58,744,000 |
|Official languages ||English |
|National currency ||Dollar |
|GNP per capita ||21,410 |
|Proportion of population living on less than US$1 a day ||Figures not available |
Information gathered from:
- Statistics on International Development (DFID, 2000)
- World Desk Reference (Dorling Kindersley, 2000)
- The World Factbook
- The World Guide (New Internationalist Publications, 1999)
The United States of America (USA) is bounded to the north by Canada and to the south by Mexico. The main landmass stretches across the continent from the Pacific to the Atlantic coastline. Forty eight of USA's 50 states are located in this land mass; the other two are Alaska and Hawaii.
Numerous tribes of Native Americans were the sole inhabitants before white settlers came. They were gradually dispossessed of their land, and now only make up 1% of the population. In the 19th and 20th centuries huge numbers of immigrants, mainly from Europe, entered the country. Recent immigrants have come from Latin America and Asia.
In the 18th century America drew up a written constitution based on democracy and liberty - these beliefs are still strongly held. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the USA is now considered the sole truly global superpower.