|Total area (square kilometres)||20,760|
|Official languages||Welsh is spoken by about 36% of the population. English is spoken throughout the country.|
|National currency||Pounds and pence|
|GNP per capita||Not available|
|Proportion of population living on less than US$1 a day||Not available|
Historically the economy of Wales depended upon mining and manufacturing. Coal was the most important natural resource in Wales and the richest supplies were found in the valleys of the south. However, the demand for Welsh coal has declined, as cheaper and more efficient fuels have become popular. Light and service industries have replaced coal in some areas, but unemployment is still a problem.
In 1999 the Welsh assembly was elected as a regional parliament to devolve power from the UK national parliament in London.