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Case Studies in Wales
Designing a water-balanced railway

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Wales

Capital city Cardiff
Total area (square kilometres) 20,760
Population total 2,798,200
Official languages Welsh is spoken by about 36% of the population. English is spoken throughout the country.
National currency Pounds and pence
GNP per capita Not available
Proportion of population living on less than US$1 a day Not available

Information gathered from:
Wales is one of the four countries which make up the United Kingdom, the others being England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Wales lies on the west of Great Britain, between England and the Irish Sea.

Historically the economy of Wales depended upon mining and manufacturing. Coal was the most important natural resource in Wales and the richest supplies were found in the valleys of the south. However, the demand for Welsh coal has declined, as cheaper and more efficient fuels have become popular. Light and service industries have replaced coal in some areas, but unemployment is still a problem.

In 1999 the Welsh assembly was elected as a regional parliament to devolve power from the UK national parliament in London.

 

 

 

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Practical Action - Technology challenging povertyEuropean Commission - Department for International Development

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