| Capital city ||Bern |
| Total area (square kilometres) ||41,284 |
|Population total ||7,345,000 (1999) |
|Official languages ||German, French and Italian |
|National currency ||Swiss Franc |
|GNP per capita ||39,980 |
|Proportion of population living on less than US$1 a day ||Figures not available |
Information gathered from:
- Statistics on International Development (DFID, 2000)
- World Desk Reference (Dorling Kindersley, 2000)
- The World Factbook
- The World Guide (New Internationalist Publications, 1999)
Switzerland is a landlocked mountainous state in the centre of Europe, surrounded by Germany, France, Italy and Austria. It is divided into three natural regions: to the northwest are the Jura mountains; the Alps extend in a west-east direction covering more than half of the country; and between these is the Mitteland with many lakes.
Due to its location it has a mixed political system. However a unique feature is that important decisions are made on the results of referenda. It's foreign policy is based on neutrality. Many international organisations, such as the World Health Organization, are based here.