| Capital city || Lima |
| Total area (square kilometres) || 1,285,000 square kilometres |
| Population total || 24 million (1996) |
| Official language || Spanish and Quechua |
|National currency ||New Sol |
|GNP per capita ||Not available |
|Proportion of population living on less than US$1 a day ||Not available |
Information gathered from:
- Statistics on International Development (DFID, 2000)
- World Desk Reference (Dorling Kindersley, 2000)
- The World Factbook
- The World Guide (New Internationalist Publications, 1999)
Peru is divided into three natural regions by the Andes mountain range. The western coastal area is desert but has been irrigated artificially. It is the most developed and densely populated.
The highlands, largely in the north, are also well populated. Subsistence farming is practised there, with corn and potatoes a popular part of the diet. Llamas and alpacas are also raised for their wool. The eastern Amazon lowlands are much more sparsely populated.