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Nut oil extraction for cosmetics

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The famous psychologist Maslov talks about a ‘hierarchy of needs’.


Need for self-actualisation
(fulfilment, creativity, self-expression)
Esteem needs
(self-respect, self-confidence, prestige)
Belonging and love needs
(needing to be needed)
Safety needs
(free from attack, sheltered from environment)
Physiological needs
(hunger and thirst)


We all need to meet the lowest level of needs first - these are essential for survival. So, why do we 'need' cosmetics? What level, or levels, of need do cosmetics meet?



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Practical Action - Technology challenging povertyEuropean Commission - Department for International Development

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