New laws on scrapping old cars
The EU End of Life Vehicles Directive was published in 2000. This aims to ensure that:
- all new vehicles have improved recyclability by restricting the use of hazardous materials, designing for easy disassembly, and using more recycled material
- all existing vehicles are disposed of in an environmentally acceptable manner. Before dismantling or shredding, all fluids, air-bags and anything else that is hazardous have to be removed at a specially authorised place, which then issues a 'Certificate of Destruction' for the vehicle
- the amount of material that goes from shredding into landfill is reduced from 25% in 2001 to 15% in 2006, and ultimately to 5% (by 2015). More recycling of non-metallic materials and more energy recovery through incineration can achieve this.
The directive required EU member states to have both legislation and a disposal infrastructure in place by April 2002.